The Pashtoon traditional culture states that if the husband dies, the wife has to marry his brother. This custom still prevails in many tribes and many women are still victim of this form of violence.

 

(Code name 001) (To protect the identity of the victim HAWCA uses code name instead of the original names)

15 years ago when I was only 13 years old and a child knowing nothing about the cruelty of life, they come to propose for my marriage, but I did not accept their proposal as I wanted to continue my education and be with my childhood friends, but my father in law who is a warlord threatens my family and by forced made them agree to this marriage. My husband family has many enemies who succeeded in killing my husband and his two brothers. But they did not stop at this and one day they through a hand grenade in my house which resulted in seriously injuring my son and my daughter. I cried for help but no one of my in-laws came to my help and so due to large amount of blood loss my son died in my arms. Even for the treatment of my daughter my in-laws did not gave me any money and I had to ask my parents to pay for the expenses. Now I am living with my parents but my in-laws say that you are our widow and you should marry with one of your husbands’ brother. As I have already suffered a lot in this family, I did not want to go there again but again they started threatening my family.

Now I have come to HAWCA to help me in this regard and save me from another force marriage.

Procedure:

Her case was registered to the HAWCA registration book and the necessary information was given to her by HAWCA defense lawyer.

As the client requested to follow the case through mediation before going to court as it will increase the risk of her losing her life and daughter, the defense lawyer started opening a mediation between the families. The mediation was to be organized in the independent human right commission. The defense lawyer called each one of her in-laws and requested them to come. Some of the in-laws did not cooperate at the beginning but after few calls they came. During the mediation it was made clear to them that their action is considered as force marriage which is a crime and also against sharia law. They were also told that their threats are considered as a criminal act. They were told that if they continue like this, legal action will be taken against them and they could be put in prison for a long time. After few hours of talking the parties came to an agreement that no marriage will take place and the custody of the girl was also given to her mother.

 

The afghan constitution provides a number of rights to the people, however these rights are mostly violated by the police during their duty because they do not know clearly about these rights including the procedure to arrest a female or a child. From 15_ 17th of July a training on women and children rights under afghan constitution was organized for the police officers in Herat to improve their understanding of constitutional rights of women and children and to consider the human rights while they are on duty.

 

One of the achievements of HAWCA is that it can go to the most insecure areas of Afghanistan and build the capacity of the human right defenders. Due to the increased number of antigovernment forces, the women are forced to wear borqa, yet even behind the borqa they are a powerful source of preventing human right violation and in particular preventing women right violation. Their presence in such workshops states that even though a lot of danger poses them, they have the courage to come forth and take a step towards equality of men and women. They do this because they believe that they can bring change in the lives of hundreds of women suffering in their area.

Working with teachers to build their understanding on gender equality has been an important activity of HAWCA. Teachers are the ones who are in contact with young children every day and their teaching has great influence on the children. From 8 to 10th of July a training on Gender equality against discrimination was organized in Herat for the teachers who are living in Gebrail distract. The program was to contribute to the campaign of providing awareness to the public on what Gender equality is and how to consider it in the school and other places.

 

Once again workshops were organized by HAWCA for the Human right defenders in Nangarhar, Laghman and Konar provinces covering the districts of Bahsood, Khewa, Surkhrod, Mehtarlam and Asad abad. The program was mainly focusing on advocating for Human rights with an emphasize on women and children rights using the Afghanistan EVAW law, Afghan penal code, Afghan Constitution, CRC etc. The program also covered the topics on monitoring the human right violation cases and reporting them to the concerned authorities.

 

As a whole the purpose of these trainings were to increase the capacity of the participants on how to protect the women and children rights, how to deal with early and force marriages, how to monitor the women and children rights, how to prevent an act of violence against women and children and how to advocate for the women and children rights.

 

Training in the Khewa distract of Jalal Abad

 

Training in the Bahsood district of Jalal Abad

 

 

 

As we know that many people and especially the people living in rural areas are unaware of child rights, we have made the awareness on child rights an essential part of our activities. The best way of implementing this activity is to provide training to the school teachers and parents so that through them the children and other people could get educated on child rights.

On august 1st 2017 a training on child rights was organized for the parents of the children studying in our peace building center funded by KNH, where 55 women took part in the program and the main focus of the training was on child education and nutrition. Other topics were also covered to clarify to the parents what child rights are.

On 21 September 2017, we celebrate the international Peace day in our peace building center. The International day of peace, sometimes unofficially known as world peace day, is observed annually on 21 September.  It is dedicated to world peace, and specifically absence of war and violence.

The program was organized by students and teachers of the Peace building center. They program included, Speeches, poetry, Essay and melody about peace and at the end they had a drama about peace and war.

There are 380 participate in our program.

Human trafficking is one of the most tragic human rights violation issues that exist in Afghanistan.

On 11 July a training on Human Trafficking was organized for the teachers in our Peace Building Center. The program was to contribute in the campaign of providing awareness to the public on what Human Trafficking is. The program covered topics clarifying how Human trafficking splinters families, violates human rights, undermines the rule of law and spurs other transnational criminal activity and how it threatens public safety and national security.

Part of the training was focused on how smugglers smuggle women and children and use them as prostitutes, beggars etc to earn money.

Such programs are necessary for the Afghan community so that they could have a clear understanding of what Human Trafficking is and how to protect themselves and their children from becoming victims of Human trafficking.

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