This workshop organized by UN women on 28-30 November of 2016 in Kathmandu, Nepal. This appreciated workshop is bringing three key constituencies (national women’s machinery, national disaster managements agencies and women’s group) for greater synergy and coordination to address disaster preparedness from gender equality and women’s empowerment lens. The participants of this workshop from Afghanistan included representatives from the CSO organizations, women affairs and UN Women representatives.

Through disasters like earthquakes, floods, landslides, droughts and fires effects everyone, pre- existing gender equalities mean that women and girls are disproportionately impacted.

This Responses to disasters has been effective in prompting gender equality and women’s empowerment, including in terms of identifying, assessing and responding to the impact and needs of women and girls.

At the international level, the Hyogo frameworks for action 2005-2015 that was endorsed but the world conference on disaster reduction emphasizes the need to mainstream gender equality across all the conditions including the policies, plans, decision making, process, pre-warning systems, information management, education and training related to disaster management.

The Sendai framework for disaster risk reduction 2015-2030 endorsed recently by the third world conference on disaster risk reduction held in Sendai, Japan on march 18,2015 also emphasized the importance of mainstreaming gender, age , disability and cultural sensitivity in to all policies and programs, and to increase the role of women and  youth, while mainstreaming of gender equality and social inclusion to minimize the impact of disasters that targets women and girls has been emphasized at the national and international level,  however it has not been sufficiently put in to practice.

Rohina Bawer HAWCA’ representative to this workshop has spoken on behalf of Coordination, women’s core group working on Humanitarian response and disaster risk reduction, she has mentioned in her speech conflict disaster that Afghan people are suffering daily from.

“Unfortunately, with every passing day we witness the murder, rape, mutilation and abuse of women in our country. At the same time, we are witnessing the fact that the murderers of Farkhunda and countless other such women in our homeland continue to bully and assault women with impunity and enjoy the hearty support of arch-criminals in the government and outside it.

During the past four decades that our country has been embroiled in war. With the growing awareness of women, fundamentalist and reactionary forces and governments in every society see the writing on the wall. Therefore, a prominent feature of such situation is to suppress the emancipation movements of women and imprison this half of society within the confines of the home. Women’s voices raised for their rights can and must morph into a women’s emancipation movement. We saw in the course of the past year how the blood of innocents Farkhunda united our people and brought thousands into the streets. That is why all kinds of violence against women such as acid throwing, beating, stoning, informal community tribunal verdicts, burning, forced marriages, forced pregnancies, forced abortions have reached a peak. Girls in Afghanistan are facing the challenges in education too, although some 13,000 girls enroll at schools in Kandahar each year only a tiny proportion actually graduate.

The drop-out rate is exacerbated by conservative traditions including early marriage as well as wider issues of honor.

Figures for the last educational year showed that 2,735 boys finished school compared to only 528 girls.

 Child marriage is still a challenge for Afghan girls, In Afghanistan, 57 percent of girls are married before the age of 19, In addition, lack of access to education and healthcare, and social problems such as street harassment, are among the difficulties Afghan girls are facing.

At the end she spoke about GiHA (Gender in Humanitarian Action Task Force) After the Badakhshan Earthquake October 2015, under the UN Agencies Gender Working Group (GWG) the GiHA Task Force was created to interface with local civil society for improved coordination. The GiHA Task Force adopts the vision of the GWG for a “peaceful and progressive Afghanistan where women and men enjoy security, equal rights and opportunities in all aspects of life.” 

Its mission is to raise awareness, build capacity and monitor the work of the humanitarian community in Afghanistan on gender equality programming in humanitarian action and to find strategies to work in synergy with development actors to mitigate the impact of crises on sustainable development.

Recommendation:

1.    Capacity development of local Civil Society Organization in gender equality and Disaster Risk Reduction.

2.    Improved coordination between Government, Civil Society Organization and UN agencies on gender in Disaster Risk Reduction and response

3.    Improving localized research, analysis and peer learning mechanisms on women empowerment issues

4.    All Project allocations for local level NGOs who work with women

5.    All international forums should draw from local level Civil Society Organization voices

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Afghanistan is a country that has witness more than three decades of continuous war from which children has suffered the most.
Thousands of children were killed during the civil war of 1990s and were victims of different forms of violence.
When Taliban came to power the condition of children became worse, the girls and women were denied from their right to education. Schools were burned and young boys were forced to join their “Madrasas” so that they could be raised having their terrorist taught in minds. The same children were latter victims of rape, beating and other forms of violence.
With the coming of the collation forces the people thought that their economical, social, cultural and security condition will get better. But unfortunately after 14 years of their presence in Afghanistan, people are still victims of insecurity, poverty and injustice. Currently more than 28 percent of Afghan children are victims of force labor like selling plastics; chewing gums etc on the streets or polish boats, work in the shops, scavenge the garbage or beg on the streets. More than 30 percent of Afghan children do not have access to primary education. In rural provinces and districts due to lake of security most of the schools are closed.
But most important of all is, that children are used as weapons in suicide attacks and fighting, transportation and selling of weapons, drugs and other illegal materials.
Like all other things, the situation of children can be made better if: firstly the political system of the country becomes self sufficient and the hand of foreign intruders are cut from our internal and external affairs forever, secondly security is brought throughout Afghanistan, thirdly constructing factories and providing job for people, fourthly creating a culture that respects the child rights, Human rights, social and National unity.

KABUL (Pajhwok): A human rights organisation on Saturday expressed deep concern over the deteriorating situation of women and children, alleging their basic rights were violated daily.
Rohina Bawer, speaking for the Afghanistan Human Rights Action and Mobilization (AHRAM), insisted human rights, particularly the rights of women and children, were being spurned consistently.
Speaking exclusively to Pajhwok Afghan News,the AHRAM official recalled the harrowing incidents of violence against Rukhshana, Zahra, Farkhunda and many other individuals.
She lamented cutting off parts of children and women’s bodies, torture, illegal court trials, social customs and other issues contributed to a spike violations of their rights.
About AHRAM, she said the project was aimed to organise activities of human rights activists, and ensure access to information about violence happening against rights activists. A database has been created to document rights abuses.
She said they had registered 207 incidents of violence in the past seven months, mostly against women and children. The facts and figures could be obtained from AHRAM representatives in Kabul, Herat, Badghis, Helmand and Nimroz provinces.
This article was published by Pajhwok Afghan news agency for information please visit the below link:
http://www.pajhwok.com/…/ahram-voices-concern-abuses-human%…

The study tour was for participants to learn and observe sustainable approaches implemented including income generation activities for women in shelters, exit strategies to support women leaving the shelter and the means and mechanisms undertaken by shelters to raise funds to create less dependency on donor funding.

The program was organized by IDLO from 29/2/2016 to 4/3/2016 and Humanitarian Assistant for Women and Children of Afghanistan (HAWCA) being a shelter implementing organization was also invited to take part.

The program was for five days and representatives of different organizations participated in  it. Meetings were organized with Lawyers collectives, Self Employed Women’s Association (SEWA), Doctors without borders, department of women and children development, Technology and action for rural advancement (TARA), All India women’s conference, Guild for service and NAVJYOTI India Foundation.

written by Rohina Bawer

Child abuse is one of the most important Issues that exist in Afghanistan. Unfortunately no major decision or initiative has been taken by the government in this regard. Everyday thousands of children throughout Afghanistan becomes victim of one or another form of child abuse. beating the children in schools, denial of education, force and early marriages, denial of proper food and cloths, denial of proper love by the parents, sexual abuse etc are some of the abuses that the Afghan children are facing every day. The main issue is that most of the people do not know “what Child abuse is” and so willingly or by mistake they become the culprit of child abuse.

To contribute in the elimination of child abuse and making the people aware of what child abuse is; HAWCA with the help of its donor “KNH” is working on preparing a child protection policy which after completion will be distributed to the partners, NGOs that work for the children and government authorities so that they could make use of it in their offices and work place.

The first step taken in this regard was providing training on types of child abuse that are happening in Afghanistan to the staff of the Peace Building Center in Ahmad Shah Baba Mina. The staff was very interested in the information given as they realized how child rights are being violated in schools and other places. HAWCA will continue its trainings on Child abuse to different sections of the society and will do its best to make it a practice to understand and implement the child rights in their homes, workplace and other places.

 

Exactly a year ago we witness the brutal death of innocent Farkhonda by the hands of ignorant people which brought sorrow to all Afghan people. Farkhonda a 27 years old girl was accused of burning Quran by the local Mullah. In the presence of police she was beaten and stoned to death and after that her body was burned in Shah Doshamshera of Kabul city. This violent act united the people throughout Afghanistan and even abroad asking the government to punish the culprits of this act but the afghan courts after three court sessions punished them with few months of imprisonment which is not acceptable by the people and particularly by Afghan women. Humanitarian Assistance for the Women and Children of Afghanistan (HAWCA) as a women right defending organization gives its condolences to all the Afghan women and particularly to Farkhondas family. HAWCA is determined to work for the women victims of violence and be their voice until the day that the Afghan women get their human rights, and we do not have any more victims such as Farkhonda, Rukhshana, Tabasom etc

On Tuesday April 19th around 9 :00 Am a vehicle full of explosive was detonated in Pul-e- Mahmood  khan area and an attack was done on one of the government security buildings. The attack resulted in killing of more than 64 people and wounding of more than 400 people. Among the casualties there were women, children and infants. This was an unprecedented explosion after the explosion at Shah Shahid of kabul.

For decades the people of Afghanistan are burning in the fire of war, suicide attacks and injustice but the Karzail government and now the National unity government has done nothing to prevent these incidents from happening. The only thing they know to do is to give their commiseration to the families of the victims

Humanitarian assistance for the women and children of Afghanistan (HAWCA) offers its sincere condolences to the families of the victims and strongly condemns this act of terrorism. 

Humanitarian Assistance for the women and Children of Afghanistan (HAWCA) congratulates the 8th of March to all women around the world and particularly to the Afghan women who are mostly the victims of gender base violence. HAWCA is a women right defending organization and is determined to eliminate violence against women or at least reduce the usage of violence against women and so most of its projects are concerned with this activity. HAWCA celebrates this day every year to remind everyone of the high courage of women who stood for their rights. This day is celebrated in Afghanistan while different types of violence against women could be seen in all parts of Afghanistan. HAWCA has always tried to remind the women of their historical movements to achieve their rights so that they do not allow anyone to violate their rights. 8th of March is a chance for women to unite and stand together and eliminate all types of social violence. HAWCA hopes that one day the Afghan women gets their equality of human rights and get free from all forms of violence

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