Year 2010 marks the 10th anniversary of the UN Security Council Resolution (SCR) 1325 on women, peace and security. Building on the commitments of the Beijing Declaration and Platform for Action, the resolution acknowledged for the first time the important role of women in the prevention and resolution of conflicts and in peace building, and the importance of their equal participation and full involvement in all efforts for the maintenance and promotion of peace and security. As part of the commemoration of the UNSCR 1325, a High level Consultation was held in Geneva, Switzerland from September 15 – 16, 2010. Miss Selay Ghaffar, Executive Director of HAWCA, was one of the speakers in the seminar organized by the European Union and Belgium Government. The EU and Belgium Government are organizing three events, respectively in Brussels, Geneva and New York, structured around the three main pillars of Resolution 1325: participation, protection and prevention.

The three events are designed to complement each other, shedding light on issues of implementation of resolution 1325 and will include various stakeholders such as governments, the United Nations, academia and non-governmental organizations.

The final outcome of these events will be a set of recommendations that will constitute the EU contribution to the UN high level ministerial debate organized by the Security Council in New York in October.

The European Union Joint team in Geneva organized its event structured around the protection pillar of UNSCR 1325 in collaboration with UN agencies and NGOs. This consultation brought together representatives from Member States, UN organizations and NGOs, humanitarian, human rights and security domains to discuss at different level good practices and what has learned from its implementation.

The event was comprised of the following panels:

  • EU Contribution to the Implementation of Security Council Resolution 1325/2000: Lessons Learned from Central Africa and Great Lake Region

This panel explored the role of the EU in relation to resolution 1325 and what practical measures have been taken or are planned towards its implementation, with particular focus on protection. This panel particularly discussed developments within various EU external actions policies, including European Commission Humanitarian Aid and Civil Protection, the EU Common Security and Defense Policy, Security Sector Reform in DRC and EU's relation with non governmental organizations, in line with the implementation of the “EU Comprehensive Approach on the Implementation of resolutions 1325 and 1820”.

  • Displacement and Protection under the Resolution 1325 Framework

This panel introduced the issue of protection under resolution 1325 and discussed the meaning of protection in the framework of resolution 1325, with specific reference to displacement (in pre and post-conflict).

  • Protection – ‘Impact of Conflict on Women and Girls’

This panel explored the impact of conflict on women, and discussd the role of resolution 1325’s provisions in mitigating these effects and ensuring women are agents of change.

 

  • Post-conflict recovery – ‘No Peace without Peace for Women and their Communities’

This panel discussed how participation by women enhances protection for all and reinforces peace building.


Miss Ghaffar was one of the main speakers in the panel: “Displacement and Protection under the UNSCR 1325/1820” which discussed the link between security, protection and human rights in the framework of 1325 and progresses and outstanding issues in each theme. The panel was moderated by Ms. Madeleine Rees, Secretary General of Women’s International League for Peace and Freedom. Ms. Elizabeth Rasmusson the Secretary General of Norwegian Refugee Council; Mr. George Okoth-Obbo, Director of African Department-UNHCR and Mr. Daniel De Torres were the three other main presenter of the panel. The panel was started by addressing questions to each presenter by Ms. Rees and then there were quite high comprehensive dialogue between the presenters.

Miss Ghaffar put question on the table on the honesty of all stakeholders working for women empowerment in Afghanistan. She criticized the international community and Afghan government for not taking serious action to improve the life condition of women specially IDPs. During her speech she strongly criticized the presence of human rights abusers and warlords in all key government positions that has its direct affect in vulnerability of women. She mentioned that security became a good excuse for all aid agencies to drawn out their activities from the poorest provinces where most of the people are vulnerable. She also highlighted the efforts taking by national NGOs to address the need of women in collaboration with international community. She showed her concern regarding violence against women and asked all women rights advocates to give hand together to eliminate VAW around the world. She said: “Violence against women and girls in Afghanistan is gender based and pervasive. It is both domestic and structural and takes place in both the public and private spheres.”

Miss Ghaffar presented following recommendation to take into consideration by government of Afghanistan, international community and civil society:

  1. The Afghan President should issue a decree referencing the Constitution, the ANDS and NAPWA. Such a decree should be applicable to all ministries ordering them to priorities gender equality and in this respect, establish Clear plans and implement practical strategies towards gender equality and women’s leadership within the civil service. High officials should be held accountable for the implementation of the decree.
  2. The government of Afghanistan should create a National Action Plan for the implementation of Resolution 1325 in Afghanistan and should appoint a Committee of committed, competent and qualified women and men to oversee the implementation of the Action Plan.
  3. The Ministry of Women’s Affairs should integrate the implementation of UNSCR 1325 into her Action Plan.
  4. The Security Council should create a monitoring mechanism for 1325’s implementation, within the UN system-wide Action Plan on SCR 1325.
  5. Include the Resolution 1325 as an essential tool for peace- and state building in capacity-building programs for state institutions like ministries, the judiciary and police but also for civil society organizations and traditional policy-making organs like shuras and jirgas.
  6. Carry out capacity building on sexualized violence against women, traumatization and its consequences as a tool for peace building and reconciliation.
  7. Establish awareness raising programs for young men in schools on gender equality and gender roles as a tool of prevention for gender based violence and peace building
  8. Support the peace building activities of Afghan women’s organizations throughout the country and provide technical assistance and capacity-building for the local implementation of the provisions of Resolution 1325
  9. Women’s organizations should use a common peace building agenda to overcome divisions and collaborate on advocacy and service provision activities.
  10. Establish a strong and systematic support and protect the rights of IDPs particularly women and children
  11. Afghanistan should increase civic education on UNSCR 1325.

On 4-15 September, 1995, Fourth World Conference on Women or informally called The Beijing Women’s Conference was held in Beijing, China. The three previous World Conferences were in Mexico City (International Women's Year, 1975, Copenhagen (1980) and Nairobi (1985). The organizers of this conference were the Commission on the Status of Women, with the United Nations Division for the Advancement of Women (DAW) serving as the Conference secretariat.

The United Nation Human Rights Council holds its fourteenth session at the United Nation Office in Geneva-Switzerland from 31 May to 18 June 2010. On the first day, the High Commissioner for Human Rights, Navi Pillay, gives an update to the Council. The 14th session consisted of 36 meetings. The session was attended by representatives of States Members of the Council, observer States of the Council, observers for non-Member States of the United Nations and other observers, as well as observers for United Nations entities, specialized agencies and related organizations, intergovernmental organizations and other entities, national human rights institutions and non-governmental organizations.

In this session The Human Rights Council held panel discussions on trafficking, protection of journalists in armed conflict, women’s human rights and the impact of toxic and dangerous wastes on the enjoyment of human rights. The Council will also adopt reports from various examinations under the Universal Periodic Review.

Selay Ghaffar, Executive Director of HAWCA, had the chance to attend the UN Human Rights Council session 5 in May 2009 as part of the formal Afghan delegation to present the UPR of Afghanistan. This year she has got the opportunity to attend the UN Human Rights Council session 14th at Geneva in order to attend two panels: i- Afghanistan Women – Challenges for Rights, Advocacy for Peace ii- Human Rights to Peace – Gender; organized by Spanish Society for International Human Rights Law (AEDIDH), Women’s UN Report Network (WUNRN), Women’s International League for Peace & Freedom (WILPF), Worldwide Organization for Women (WOW) and NGO Committee on Status of Women – Geneva on 4th June 2010 at Palais des Nations, Geneva-Switzerland.

Selay Ghaffar, the first presenter of the panel “Afghanistan Women – Challenges for Rights, Advocacy for Peace”, brought into the notice of the participants and country representatives the most crucial and challenging issues women and children are facing in Afghanistan. In her speech she highlighted the concern of civil society in protecting human rights of women in the most insecure situation and asked for the support of international community and United Nation to take this issue as an important challenge for afghan women.  The panelists in this panel were: Ms. Selay Ghaffar – Executive Director of HAWCA; RAWA Woman Leader; Mr. Vernor Munoz – UN Special Reporter on the Right to Education; Ms. Lois A. Herman – WUNRN; Annal Favalli – Coordinamento Italiano Sostegno Donne Afghane Onlus (CISDA); Dr. Q. M. Islam – World Health Organization – Director of the Department of Making Pregnancy Safer Program; Simona Cataldi – Author of The Women’s Vote in Afghanistan and Afton Beutler – WOW.

In the second panel “Human Rights to Peace-Gender”, Selay Ghaffar discussed the violation of human rights in Afghanistan by different actors and showed her concern in violation of basic rights like access to education, health, employment and other areas. In her speech she highlighted the importance of women participation in peace process and politics. She was critical of current peace and insecurity situation in Afghanistan and asked the UN to take an urgent action to find ways for peace in Afghanistan. She said “without having peace in a country you should expect all kind of violation and discrimination. Women and children are the first victim of insecurity in the country”. The panelists in this panel were: Mr. David Fernandez Puyana – AEDIDH – Spanish Society for International Human Rights Law – Human Rights to Peace – Process – Resolution – Advocacy; Ms. Ms. Madeine Rees – Secretary General of WILPF; Ms. Selay Ghaffar – Executive Director of HAWCA; RAWA Woman Leader; Ms. Salwa Kader – President, US Federation for Middle East Peace – USFMEP; Ms. Lois A. Herman – WUNRN and Ms. Krishna Ahooja Patel – WILPF.

Post Title: Defense lawyer
Location: Herat City
Duration:    3 months probationary  period and full contract for 1 year  
No. of Post(s): 2
Sex: Female
Nationality: Afghan
Salary: Based on the organization salary scale
Announcing Date: 04/07/2009
Closing Date: 15/07/2009
Submission Email: hawca[at]hawca[dot]org and a cc to hawca.lac.herat[at]gmai[dot]com

After the successful opening of "Legal Aid Center for Female Victims of Violence" in Herat City, HAWCA is opening another "Legal Aid Center for Female Victims of Violence" in Kabul City in the next coming days. This project has been funded by Oxfam Novib, British Embassy in Kabul and NZAID with the help of an Afghan organization, Fayaz Foundation, based in Netherlands, active in lobbying and advocacy for Woman's Rights. This center will work for the victims of domestic violence, sexual violence and harmful practices.


In this center, two lawyers who will be well-experienced with the help of under-graduate law students/practicing lawyers will provide legal advice and assistance for women and girls who are victims of domestic and sexual violence. This legal center will also provide legal trainings to the recently graduated law students and other women and girls. The content of the trainings for the law students will be more focused on how to deal with their clients to gain their trust and help them out. Other professional trainings will be also provided to them. We will also have trainings for other women and girls. These trainings will include the women rights in Afghanistan Constitution; International Law and etc. The trainers of these trainings will be law professionals and professors from Law Faculty of Kabul University. Besides this the legal aid center will try to establish a close coordination and relation with organizations that provide legal aid and advice to females.

UNIFEM Receives Funds from UN Spouses Committee to Protect Women and Girls in Afghanistan
 
Date: 3 June 2009

Antonie de Jong, UNIFEM's Outreach and Business Development Adviser, accepted more than US$11,000 on 2 June from the UN Spouses Committee to give to a safe house in Afghanistan that protects women and girls. Antonie de Jong, UNIFEM's Outreach and Business Development Adviser, accepted more than US$11,000 on 2 June from the UN Spouses Committee to give to a safe house in Afghanistan that protects women and girls.

 

This book (both Dari and English in one volume) contains stories written by beneficiaries of safe house. Their name and other critical information has been changed to hide their identity because of their safety. Poems of Nadia Anjuman, Afghan female poet who died due to domestic violence, have been added in this book. Some pictures from safe house and drawings by beneficiaries of safe house asking for EVAW has been also included in this book. Ines Alberdi, Executive Director of UNIFEM, and Luisa Morgantini, Vice President of European Parliament, have sent their exclusive messages which has been published in the book. Introduction of the book has been written by Cristina Lamb - journalist, columnist and writer and currently chief editor of Sunday Times - who had personally met Nadia Anjuman in 2001.

The printing of this book has been funded by NZAID and translation into English has been done by Alex Strick van Linschoten and Felix Kuehn from Afghanwire.

 

You can order this book by sending email to hawca[at]hawca[dot]org.

Price: US $15 - €12 - £12 plus transportation charges. The money raised from selling of this book will go to the activities of HAWCA for EVAW.

In Kabul you can buy it from the following addresses:
{xtypo_quote_left}
1- HAWCA Main Office
House No. 1137/P, Selo Oil Pump Street,
Khushal Khan Mina, District 5,
Kabul, Afghanistan.
Phone: +93 (0)797 07 59 75
+93 (0)708 21 65 66
{/xtypo_quote_left}
{xtypo_quote_right}
2- Gandamack Lodge
Sherpur Square, next to the UNHCR HQ, just up the road from DHL,
across the road from the queues for visas at the Embassy of Iran.
Phone: +93 (0)700 27 6937
{xtypo_quote_right}

Other outlets will be soon announced.

Acknowledgments

HAWCA would like to acknowledge all of individuals and organizations for their great assistance in publishing this book. Our special thanks to Inés Alberdi, Executive Director of UNIFEM, and Luisa Morgantini, Vice President of the European Parliament, for sending their exclusive messages for this book and Christina Lamb – journalist, columnist and writer – who had personally met Nadia Anjuman and wrote the introduction for this book.

We acknowledge the great work of Alex Strick van Linschoten and Felix Kuehn from Afghanwire for their help in translation of stories and poems and Orzala Ashraf for compiling the stories and translation. Thanks to Nocem Collado and Philip Poupin for sharing their beautiful pictures to be published in this book. Your efforts lend a hand in making the world know about the continuing plight on Afghan women. And our gratitude goes to NZAID for funding the printing of this book.

Last but not least, HAWCA wants to thank the staff of “Safe House for Women at Risk” for the great work they are doing and the beneficiaries for sharing their stories and showing their resistance against oppression.

We are proud of Nadia Anjuman for fighting for equality of women in society through her amazing poems. You will always have special place in our heart and we will never forget you.

And our salute to all women who are fighting for equal rights of woman.

HAWCA

 

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